Lambs nursing

Lambs nursing

Bucket milker
Bucket feeder

 Eating creep feed
Eating creep feed

2 month old lambs
Lambs on pasture

 Getting a drink of water
Getting a drink of water

 

 


    What else is there to eat?

    A healthy start
    For the first several weeks of its life, all a lamb needs for nourishment is its mother's milk. The first milk that a ewe produces after lambing is called colostrum. It is very nutritious and contains antibodies that help lambs fight off diseases during the early part of their lives. The ewe only produces colostrum for 24 hours. It is essential that lambs consume adequate colostrum. An amount equivalent to 10 percent of their body weight is recommended.

    Lambs will start to nibble on solid food (hay, grass, and grain) soon after birth. By the time they are 4 to 6 weeks old, they may be obtaining as much as 50 percent of their nutrients from sources other than their mother's milk.

    Orphan lambs
    Lambs whose mothers die, reject them, or don't have enough milk must be raised as orphans, "bummer," or "poddy" lambs. Small numbers of orphan lambs are usually hand-fed with a bottle that has been fitted with a nipple for nursing. Larger groups of lambs are usually fed using a bucket feed or automatic feeder.

    Orphan lambs are usually fed reconstituted ewe's milk because it is more nutritious than goat or cow milk. Ewe's milk is richer in protein, fat, solids, and minerals. After the first few days, it is better to feed milk cold as this will help to prevent the lambs from overeating. Orphan lambs can be successfully weaned at 6 weeks of age if they are consuming dry feed and drinking water. They should weight 25 to 30 pounds before weaning.

    Extra food
    Young lambs, 1 to 2 weeks old, are often started on creep feed. Creep feeding is when supplemental feed (usually grain) is offered to nursing lambs. Creep grazing is a similar concept whereby lambs are given access to cleaner, more nutritious pasture. A barrier must be set up that will allow lambs to enter the creep area, but not the ewes.

    Creep feed must be palatable and highly-digestible. Lambs are not born with a functioning rumen. They are not able to digest whole grains. They require grains that are easy to digest. Cracked corn and soybean meal usually form the basis of most lamb creep rations. The ingredients are balanced to provide a high protein (18-20 percent) diet. Lambs do not eat a lot of creep feed in the beginning, but it gets them in the habit of eating.

    Creep feeding helps to develop the young lamb's rumen. It is especially advantageous for orphan lambs, lambs from large litters (2 or more) and/or whose dams's may have a limited milk supply. It is generally more efficient to feed the lamb grain that to feed the ewe more grain. Creep feeding greatly reduces the stress experienced by early-weaned lambs.


    Finishing period

    Lambs are usually finished or "fattened" on pasture or with grain while in confinement (or semi-confinement). Often, they are supplemented with grain while they are grazing pasture. It is getting more popular to finish lambs on pasture. The meat from lambs that are raised on pasture is usually leaner and more healthful than the meat from lambs that are just fed grain.

    The meat from lambs fed mostly grain tends to have a milder flavor than grass-fed lamb. The type of plants that the lambs eat can also affect the flavor of the meat. Lambs fed grain tend to grow faster than lambs grazed on pasture.

    All-vegetarian diets
    Although sheep are sometimes fed by-product feeds such as soybean hulls, peanut hulls, or distiller's grains, they are not fed ruminant meat-and-bone meal. In fact, it is against the law in the U.S. to fed ruminant meat-and-bone meal to any other ruminant. Lambs are not usually fed poultry waste products due to copper toxicity issues. Almost all lambs consume consume all-vegetarian diets with "natural" ingredients.

    Water
    As with people, water is the most important "nutrient" that sheep need. How much they consume depends upon their age, size, and production status (and level), as well as temperature of the water and the amount of moisture in their feed. Sheep consuming wet grass or wet feeds (e.g. silage) won't drink a lot of water because they are getting plenty of water from their feed. Conversely, they will drink more water if they are eating dry hay or dry, mature grass. Sheep don't like to drink dirty water.

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Last updated 28-May-2011
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